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Common Abbreviations

Knitting | Crochet

Knitting Abbreviations:

approx – approximately
beg – begin/beginning
c4b — cable 4 back: Sl next 2 sts onto cable needle and hold in back of work, k the next 2 sts, then k the 2 sts from the cable needle.
c4f — cable 4 front: Sl next 2 sts onto cable needle and leave at front of work, k the next 2 sts, then k2 from cable needle.
c6b — cable 6 back: Sl next 3 sts onto cable needle and hold at back of work, k next 3 sts from LH needle, then k sts from cable needle.
c6f — cable 6 front: Sl next 3 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, k next 3 sts from LH needle, then k sts from cable needle.
c8b — cable 8 back: Sl next 4 sts onto cable needle and hold at back of work, k next 4 sts from LH needle, then k sts from cable needle.
c8f — cable 8 front: Sl next 4 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, k next 4 sts from LH needle, then k sts from cable needle.
CA – color A
CB – color B
CC – color C
cm – centimeter(s)
dec – decrease/decreases/decreasing
dpn – double pointed needle(s)
g – gram(s)
inc – increase/increases/increasing
" – inch(es)
k – knit
k2tog – knit 2 stitches together
kfb – knit into front of stitch, then knit into back of stitch (1 stitch increased)
kwise – knitwise
LLI — Left Lifted Increase: Knit 1 stitch, carefully insert needle into the 2nd loop below the stitch just knit and put this loop onto the LH needle, knit it (1 left-leaning increase created) and continue knitting as usual
LH – left hand
lp(s) – loop(s)
m – meter(s)
m1 – make one—an increase; several types of increases can be described as “m1”
MC – main color
mm – millimeter(s)
oz – ounce(s)
p – purl
pm – place marker
p2tog – purl 2 stitches together
psso – pass slipped stitch over
pwise – purlwise
rem – remain/remaining
rep – repeat(s)
rev St st – reverse Stockinette stitch
RH – right hand
RLI — Right Lifted Increase: Insert RH needle into the right leg of the stitch below the next stitch and put it on the LH needle, knit it (1 right-leaning increase created) and continue knitting as usual
rnd(s) – round(s)
RS – right side
sk – skip
skp – slip, knit, pass slipped stitch over (1 stitch decreased)
sk2p – slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slipped stitch over the knit 2 together (2 stitches decreased; also known as “double decrease”)
sl – slip
sl1k – slip 1 knitwise
sl1p – slip 1 purlwise
sl st – slip stitch(es)
sm - slip marker
ssk
– slip, slip, knit these 2 stitches together (1 stitch decreased)
ssp – slip, slip, purl these 2 stitches together (1 stitch decreased)
st(s) – stitch(es)
St st – Stockinette stitch/stocking stitch
t2b — twist 2 back: Sl next st onto cable needle and leave at back of work, k1 tbl, then p1 from cable needle
t2f — twist 2 front: Sl next st onto cable needle and leave at front of work, p1, then k1 tbl from cable needle
t3b — twist 3 back: Sl next st onto cable needle and leave at back of work, k1 tbl, p1, then k1 tbl from cable needle
t3f — twist 3 front: Sl next st onto cable needle and leave at front of work, k1 tbl, p1, then k1 tbl from cable needle
t4b — twist 4 back: Sl next 2 sts onto cable needle and hold at back of work, k next 2 sts from LH needle, then p the 2 sts from cable needle
t4f — twist 4 front: Sl next 2 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, p next 2 sts from LH needle, then k sts from cable needle
tbl – through back loop
tog – together
w&t wrap and turn: On a knit row, bring yarn to the front of work as if to purl, slip next stitch from left needle to right needle, bring yarn to the back to work as if to knit, slip stitch back to left needle. Turn. On a purl row, bring yarn to back of work as if to knit, slip next stitch from left needle to right needle, bring yarn to the front of work as if to purl, slip stitch back to left needle. Turn.
WS – wrong side
wyib – with yarn in back
wyif – with yarn in front
yb – bring yarn to back of work
yd(s) – yard(s)
yf – bring yarn to front of work
yfwd – yarn forward
yo – yarn over

Crochet Abbreviations

approx — approximately
beg — begin/beginning
BL — back loop(s)
BP — back post
BPdc — back post double crochet: Yo, insert hook from back to front to back around post of indicated st below, (yo and draw through 2 lps on hook) twice.
BPhdc — back post half double crochet: Yo, insert hook from back to front to back around post of indicated st below, yo, draw yarn through st, yo, draw yarn through all 3 lps on hook.
BPsc — back post single crochet: Insert hook from back to front to back around post of indicated st below, yo and pull up lp, yo and draw through 2 lps on hook.
BPtr — back post treble crochet: Yo twice, insert hook from back to front to back around post of indicated st below, yo and draw up a lp, (yo and draw through 2 lps) 3 times.
CA — color A
CB — color B
CC — contrasting color
ch — chain
ch- — refers to chain or space
previously made; e.g., ch-1 sp
ch-sp — chain space
cm — centimeter(s)
cont — continue/continuing
dc — double crochet: Yo, insert hook in the st to be worked, yo, draw through st, yo, draw through first 2 lps on hook, yo, draw through rem 2 lps on hook.
dc2tog — double crochet 2 stitches together: Yo, insert hook in the next st, yo, draw yarn through the st, yo, draw yarn through the first 2 lps on hook, yo, insert hook in the next st, yo, draw yarn through the st, yo, draw yarn through the first 2 lps on hook, yo, draw yarn through all 3 lps on hook.
dec — decrease/decreases/decreasing
dtr — double treble crochet: Yo hook 3 times, insert hook in st to be worked, yo, draw yarn through the st, (yo and draw through 2 lps on hook) 4 times.
FL — front loop(s)
FP — front post
FPdc — front post double crochet: Yo and draw up a lp around post of next st at front of work 1 row below inserting hook from right to left, (yo and draw through 2 lps on hook) twice.
FPhdc — front post half double crochet: Yo, insert hook from front to back to front around post of indicated st below, yo, draw yarn through st, yo, draw yarn through all 3 lps on hook.
FPsc — front post single crochet: Insert hook from front to back to front around post of indicated st below, yo and pull up lp, yo and draw through 2 lps on hook.
FPtr — front post treble crochet: Yo twice, insert hook from front to back to front around post of indicated st below, yo and draw up a lp, (yo and draw through 2 lps) 3 times.
fsc — foundation single crochet: ch 2, insert hook in 2nd ch from hook, pull up a lp, ch 1, yo, pull through both lps on hook (sc made), *pull up lp from ch just made, ch 1, yo, pull through both lps on hook (sc made), rep until desired number is reached.
g — gram(s)
hdc — half double crochet: Yo, insert hook in next st to be worked, yo, draw yarn through st, yo, draw yarn through all 3 lps on hook
hdc2(3)tog — half double crochet 2(3) together: (Yo and draw up a lp in next st) 2(3) times, yo and draw through all lps on hook.
inc — increase/increases/increasing
" — inch(es)
lp(s) — loop(s)
m — meter(s)
magic ring — Wrap yarn around finger once, insert hook into this yarn ring, yarn over and pull loop through, chain as instructed and work first round over strands of ring. After completing the first few rounds, pull gently on yarn tail to close center of ring.
MC — main color
mm — millimeter(s)
oz — ounce(s)
pm — place marker
rem — remain/remaining
rep — repeat(s)
rev sc — reverse single crochet: Work in single crochet from left to right, instead of in the normal direction of right to left.
rnd(s) — round(s)
RS — right side
sc — single crochet: Insert hook in st, yo, draw yarn through st, yo, draw yarn through 2 lps on hook.
sc2tog — single crochet 2 stitches together: Insert hook in the next st, yo, draw yarn through st (2 lps rem on hook), insert hook in the next st, yo, draw yarn through the st (3 lps on hook), yo, draw yarn through all 3 lps on hook.
sk — skip
sl st — slip stitch
sp(s) — space(s)
st(s) — stitch(es)
tog — together
tr — treble crochet: Yo twice, insert hook in next st to be worked, yo, draw yarn through st (3 lps on hook), yo, draw through first 2 lps on hook, yo, draw through rem 2 lps on hook.
Tss — Tunisian simple stitch
WS — wrong side
yd(s) — yard(s)
yo — yarn over

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